Unit 11

Non-discrimination and non-stigmatization


What is discrimination and stigmatization?

a. The notion ‘discrimination’
b. The notion ‘stigmatization’
c. The notion of Stigma in Mental Health

What is positive or reverse discrimination?

Grounds of discrimination

a. Advances in medical technology may create disproportionate disadvantages for some social groups
b. The unfair use of genetic testing
c. Genetic discrimination

Legal context

a. Explanation of Article 11
b. Background for the Article

Limitations of the principle:

a. Each principle of the Declaration relates to the other principles (Art. 26)
b. Limiting the application of the principles is regulated in Article 27
c. The protection of public health can be a limiting factor

Stigma in Mental Health

a. How to develop an Anti-Stigma Program
b. Stigma in different sectors of society
c. Mental Illness & myths about dangerousness


The Elephant Man / (D. Lynch, 1980)


In the late XIX Century, Doctor Frederick Treves discovered a man at the circus called John Merrick, who suffered from a severe deformation since birth, due to a strange illness. His face was deformed in a grotesque way, giving him the features and appearance of an elephant. Because of the way he looked, he was caught in an ambulant show of deformed criatures, where he suffered all kinds of torments until a surgeon rescued him. As Merrick tells him everything he has been through, Dr. Treves discovers that beneath the monstrous surface there is a noble and kind man.

Ethical Issues
Discrimination, stigmatization

A Beautiful Mind / (R. Howard, 2001)

Highly eccentric mathematician John Forbes Nash Jr. was a pioneer in the field of game theory, which made him a star of the ’new mathematics’ in the 1950s. But his quick ascent into the intellectual stratosphere drastically changed course when Nash’s intuitive brilliance was undermined by schizophrenia. Facing challenges that destroyed many others, Nash fought back with the help of his devoted wife Alicia. After decades of hardship, he triumphed over tragedy, and in 1994 he received the Nobel Prize.

Ethical Issues
Stigma, discrimination because of Mental Ilness